What are the main applications of industrial robots ?
Since the third industrial revolution, the’automation in factories s’is increasingly developed, with intelligent and advanced processes and machines. What does not’was once only movies like the’of Charlie Chaplin’s “Modern Times”, is today a fundamental element of the technical and industrial process.
The industrial robots They are machines that perform tasks that require repetitive effort, precision, speed and speed’stamina, speed and strength. A robot can move tools, special devices, parts etc. The choice of’An industrial robot increases productivity and reduces operating costs’company.
In addition to traditional industrial robots, there are also industrial robots that can be reprogrammed collaborative robots (we talk about the field of cobotics), those working in partnership with the’which provide more comfort and safety to employees. After all, nothing n’They are more tedious and tiring than doing repetitive actions such as fitting a part in the same place. So why not let a robot do the job? ?
Industrial robots: presentation
1 – The Articulated Robot
The articulated robot is the most used in the’industry. It is so named because it looks like a human arm in its mechanical configuration. The arm is connected to the base by an articulation that allows the robot to turn.
The number of’The number of rotating joints connecting the parts of the arm can go from two to ten joints, and each joint offers an additional degree of freedom. The articulations are also known as axes and we therefore often hear about 4-axis robot, from 6-axis robot, thus referring to the number of’articulations.
The joints can be parallel or orthogonal to each other. Among the types of articulated robots, those with six degrees of freedom are the most widely used industrial robots, because their design offers a maximum flexibility compared to those with smaller axes.
2 – The Cartesian robot
The Cartesian robots have a rectangular configuration. These types of industrial robots have three prismatic joints in order to allow the robot to perform different functions’provide a linear motion by sliding on their three perpendicular axes (X, Y and Z).
They can also have a combined motion to allow for a smooth and efficient operation rotational movement. Cartesian robots are used in most industrial applications, because their configuration is flexible, which makes them suitable for specific needs.
3 – The cylindrical robot
The cylindrical robots have at least one rotating joint in the base and at least one prismatic joint to connect the links. The rotary joint uses a rotational movement along the base of the robot’the joint axis, while the prismatic joint moves in a linear motion.
Cylindrical robots have at least one pivot at the base and at least one prismatic pivot connecting the links.
Main applications of industrial robots
Industrial robots have been initially created to perform routine tasks. Nowadays, they are multifunctional. They can be reprogrammed to perform different functions in very different industrial fields.
Some typical applications of industrial robots are: molding, painting, welding, the’assembly, load handling, assembly of parts, etc’inspection of products, recognition of data, etc’images, etc.
With the migration to the’industry 4.0, l’The idea is for robotics to be increasingly present on the assembly line – and beyond.
According to the International Federation of Robotics, the industrial sector is expected to acquire 400,000 industrial robots by 2022.